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Warsaw Sights

Sights of Warsaw

Warsaw is an old city with unique architecture and beautiful surroundings. The capital of Poland suffered greatly during World War II. Its Old City was almost totally ruined, and few fragments of the ancient buildings were all that survived after severe bombing. After the end of the war the city was restored and now it strikes with its architectural harmony.

As you walk from the Old Town to the New Town you will pass through the Barbican - a part of the outer city wall that once encircled the Old Town. In the 14-18th centuries the historical center of Warsaw was protected by a double circle of defensive walls with several towers.

Castle Square
The splendid Castle Square is situated in the medieval Old Town, famous for its excellent architecture and charming narrow streets. Its main landmark is the Royal Castle dating back to the 14th century, which originally was a wooden fortress of Mazovian dukes.

Church of the Holy Cross
The Church of the Holy Cross, designed by Italian architect Bellotti, was built between 1679 and 1696 on the place where once a wooden church stood. The Church is especially dear to citizens as the place where the heart of Frederic Chopin is kept.

Jewish Cemetery
Formerly, Warsaw Jewish community was one of the biggest in Europe. After World War II in Warsaw there is one of the biggest Jewish cemeteries in the world. The cemetery was gradually being restored after the devastation of World War II and today is still in use.

Lazienki Park and Palace on the Water
Lazienki is one of the most beautiful parks in Warsaw, located quite close to the city center. There are a lot of architectural and cultural monuments on the territory of the picturesque park - the Lazienki Palace, often called "Palace on the Water".

Old Market Square
The Market Square is one of the most beautiful in Warsaw and one of the most popular walking places for the Varsovians and tourists. The old architecture, buskers and painters, small shops, cozy cafes and restaurants create a unique atmosphere of medieval Europe.

Palace of Culture and Science
The Palace of Culture and Science, a representative example of rather monstrous Soviet architecture, towers above the city and can be seen everywhere from a distance of 30 km. Up to 1970 the Palace had been the highest architectural construction in Europe.

St. John's Cathedral
The most famous religious building in Warsaw is St. John's Cathedral. The oldest church in Warsaw, it was built in 14th century. Up to the end of the 18th century it was just an ordinary parish church and only in 1798 it became a cathedral.

Staszic Palace and Monument to Nicolas Copernicus
On the site where now the classical Staszic Palace is situated once a Dominican church stood. It was built in the second half of the 17th century. In 1823 the classical palace designed by Italian architect Antonio Corazzi replaced it.

Warsaw Citadel
By the Vistula River stands the formidable Warsaw Citadel, dominating the surrounding area. One of the best-preserved military fortresses in Poland is an obligatory component of any city tour and the place of a special interest for history lovers.

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